The People’s Republic of China is a populous Asian country founded in 1949 after the Communist Party forced the Nationalist Kuomintang to retreat to Taiwan. This has led to the formation of two Chinese states – the Republic of China in Taiwan and the People’s Republic of China in Mainland China.
China is the biggest Asian country occupying almost the whole East Asian region and is as big as Europe. Along with its great mass, the country has the most neighbours touching its borders. The countries of Pakistan, India, Afghanistan, Vietnam, Laos, North Korea, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Russia, Mongolia, Myanmar, Nepal, and Bhutan all share borders with China.
Total Area: 3.705 million square miles
Capital City: Beijing
Largest Cities by Population: Shanghai, Beijing, Guangzhou, Shenzen, Tianjin, Chongqing, Hong Kong, Dongguan, Nanjing, and Wuhan
Government: Communist Government
Language: Mandarin, Hokkien, Cantonese, Hainen, Wu, Shanghainese
Main Religions: Buddhism, Taoism, Chinese folklore, and Confucianism
Weather and Climate: Varies per region. The huge size of the country has led to different climates in the country. Summers are oftentimes hot and dry whilst it can be really freezing cold during winters.
National Anthem: March of the Volunteers
Due to the vast coverage of China, its culture is incredibly diverse. The Han Chinese is regarded as the world’s biggest ethnic group and serves as the biggest percentage of China’s population. Mandarin Chinese is the country’s major language but there are about 13 more regional and provincial dialects.
The country’s uniqueness stems from its cultural development. They have one of the most preserved cultures in the world today with only minimal influence from other countries even though the country was infiltrated by Manchu, which was eventually absorbed into the veins of the Han Chinese culture. Perhaps the only influence the country got from India is Buddhism.
Despite the country’s success in international trade, transportation remains one of the underdeveloped in China. For several years, great focus is placed on improving the transportation infrastructure in order to develop further the national economy. Domestic transport remains a concern that dampens continuous economic growth. Some provinces in the country still employ steam locomotives, which is not enough to meet shipment demands.
Due to the enormous size of China, it has one of the most abundant resources. But it was only in the 20th century that the country was able to cultivate its riches. Its interaction with the international community has made the country a dominant and constant figure in the world trade. To date, the country’s gross national product and foreign trade has grown exponentially over the years.
Since the late 1970s, China’s shift from Soviet-type economic system has proven beneficial, particularly for the agricultural sector. Chinese investors have tremendously increased their participation in foreign investments.
Like most Asian countries, tourism is a major contributing industry for economic growth. In the past decades, China has attracted a good number of tourists due to the relaxation of restrictions and existence of the newly rich middle class. In 2015 alone, the country ranked fourth most visited country in the world, which received about 56.9 million visitors annually. Many of these tourists head out to Taiwan, Macau, and Hong Kong.